for a few days--that is, with a view to our well-being in the few days of our earthly life: so the Greek. BENGEL takes "the blood of Abel" as put for all the blood shed on earth crying for vengeance, and greatly increasing the other cries raised by sin in the world; counteracted by the blood of Christ calmly speaking in heaven for us, and from heaven to us. Also in Hebrews 13:12 Hebrews 13:20 ; also compare Hebrews 10:19 , with Hebrews 10:21 . cross . In Exodus 20:22 , when God says, "I talked with you from heaven," this passage in Hebrews shows that not the highest heavens, but the visible heavens, the clouds and darkness, are meant, out of which God by angels proclaimed the law on Sinai. Hebrews 11:35-40 Obtaining a Good Testimony Through Faith. Verse 9 begins a whole new section. All rights reserved. Compare "afterward," Matthew 25:11 Matthew 25:12 . I prefer MAGEE'S view. "In your coming near unto God, it has not been to," &c. the mount--The oldest manuscripts and Vulgate omit "the mount." Observe, [1.] This may well be an exhortation to strengthen and support our own prayer life and the prayer life of other believers. God's dealing with men under the gospel, in a way of grace, assures us, that he will deal with the despisers of the gospel, in a way of judgment. The two advents of Messiah are regarded as one, the complete shaking belonging to the second advent, of which the presage was given in the shakings at the first advent: the convulsions connected with the overthrow of Jerusalem shadowing forth those about to be at the overthrow of all the God-opposed kingdoms by the coming Messiah. 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. 21. the sight--the vision of God's majesty. against sin--Sin is personified as an adversary; sin, whether within you, leading you to spare your blood, or in our adversaries, leading them to shed it, if they cannot through your faithfulness even unto blood, induce you to apostatize. But he did not find it because this was not what he sought. he was rejected--not as to every blessing, but only that which would have followed the primogeniture. "We are one citizenship with angels; to which it is said in the psalm, Glorious things are spoken of thee, thou city of God" [AUGUSTINE]. What proves his tears were not those of one seeking true repentance is, immediately after he was foiled in his desire. Those "witnessed of" (Greek, Hebrews 11:5 Hebrews 11:39 ) become in their turn "witnesses" in a twofold way: (1) attesting by their own case the faithfulness of God to His people [ALFORD] ( Hebrews 6:12 ), some of them martyrs in the modern sense; (2) witnessing our struggle of faith; however, this second sense of "witnesses," though agreeing with the image here if it is to be pressed, is not positively, unequivocally, and directly sustained by Scripture. Hebrews 9:28). No Scripture states it was again put into the Lord's body. The word implies greater refractoriness than "refused," or "declined." Hebrews 4:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 4:12, NIV: "For the word of God is alive and active.Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart." Compare Isaiah 49:4 Isaiah 49:5 , as a specimen of Jesus not being wearied out by the contradiction and strange unbelief of those among whom He labored, preaching as never man did, and exhibiting miracles wrought by His inherent power, as none else could do. The Hebrews drew near to the material Mount Sinai with material bodies; we, to the spiritual mount in the spirit. Hebrews 12 We must continue to trust God. (18-29). ALFORD translates, "Put straight again the relaxed hands." "Some in adversity kick against God's will, others despond; neither is to be done by the Christian, who is peculiarly the child of God. He shall come in the form in which He was judged, that they may see Him whom they pierced: He who was before hidden shall come manifested in power: He, as Judge, shall condemn the real culprits, who was Himself falsely made a culprit.". Let a soul be supposed to join that glorious assembly and church above, that is yet unacquainted with God, still carnally-minded, loving this present world and state of things, looking back to it with a lingering eye, full of pride and guile, filled with lusts; such a soul would seem to have mistaken its way, place, state, and company. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: In chapter 11, the great faith chapter of the Bible, the author celebrated the great heroes of the faith, acknowledging that they had not received the promise in their earthly lives. All those who at the coming of "God the Judge of all" (which clause therefore naturally follows), shall be found "written in heaven," that is, in the Lamb's book of life ( Revelation 21:27 ). 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. "They err much at one time in severity, at another in indulgence [ 1 Samuel 3:13 , Ephesians 6:4 ], and do not so much chasten as THINK they chasten" [BENGEL]. So long as it is hidden under the earth it cannot be remedied, but when it "springs up," it must be dealt with boldly. Commentary on Isaiah 58:9b-14. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. By the sin that does so easily beset us, understand that sin to which we are most prone, or to which we are most exposed, from habit, age, or circumstances. . The Hebrew is literally, "it is yet one little," that is, a single brief space till the series of movements begins ending in the advent of Messiah. Cappellus, Bengel, Bloomfield, and others, who explain it as—what at 1 Thessalonians 4:3 (see at that place) is certainly the correct explanation—the virtue of chastity. (Read Hebrews 12:12-17) A burden of affliction is apt to make the Christian's hands hang down, and his knees grow feeble, to dispirit him and discourage him; but against this he must strive, that he may better run his spiritual race and course. For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and … Friberg says that in Hebrews 12:12 paraluo is used "idiomatically (ta paralelumena gonata anorthoun) literally strengthen paralyzed knees, i.e. author--"Prince-leader." INSTRUCTION Hebrews 1-10:18: EXHORTATION Hebrews 10:19-13:25: Superior Person of Christ Hebrews … "Encumbrance," all superfluous weight; the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life, and even harmless and otherwise useful things which would positively retard us ( Mark 10:50 , the blind man casting away his garment to come to Jesus; Mark 9:42-48 ; compare Ephesians 4:22 , Colossians 3:9 Colossians 3:10 ). 22. are come--Greek, "have come near unto" (compare Deuteronomy 4:11 ). This is our privilege as Christians. The stress of his argument is on the "ONCE." 20. that which was commanded--"the interdict" [TITTMANN]. On His "faith" compare Hebrews 2:13 , 3:12 . Betraying a contumacious spirit of unbelief ( Hebrews 3:12 ), as "faint" implies a broken-down, weak, and desponding spirit. But Paul, by inspiration, supplies (compare Acts 20:35 , 2 Timothy 3:8 ) this detail. Paul uses "Jesus," dwelling here on Him as the Person realized as our loving friend, not merely in His official character as the Christ. The mention of "the blood of sprinkling" naturally follows the mention of the "covenant," which could not be consecrated without blood ( Hebrews 9:18 Hebrews 9:22 ). that might be touched--palpable and material. But (1) this translation is according to classical Greek, not Paul's phraseology for "to be thankful." 6. A burden of affliction is apt to make the Christian's hands hang down, and his knees grow feeble, to dispirit him and discourage him; but against this he must strive, that he may better run his spiritual race and course. The book of Hebrews may briefly be summarized in this way: Believers in Jesus Christ, as God’s perfect sacrifice for sin, have the perfect High-Priest through whose ministry everything is new and better than under the covenant of law. English Version expresses the sense well. Without holiness in them, they could not enjoy Him who is holiness itself ( Zechariah 14:20 ). fruit of righteousness--righteousness (in practice, springing from faith) is the fruit which chastening, the tree yields ( Philippians 1:11 ). Peace with men, of all sects and parties, will be favourable to our pursuit of holiness. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Compare Hebrews 12:15-17 , in which he implies how utterly some of them had forgotten God's word. For--justifying his exhortation, "Looking unto Jesus." are not come--Greek, "have not come near to." feeble--literally, "paralyzed"; a word used only by Luke, Paul's companion, in the New Testament. Hebrews 12:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 12:12, NIV: "Therefore, strengthen your feeble arms and weak knees." The objection that chastening is grievous is here anticipated and answered. The most eminent of God's saints were the. Still remember the caution ( Matthew 13:26-30 ) as to rooting out persons. . that spake--revealing with oracular warnings His divine will: so the Greek. At His ascension, as our great High Priest, He entered the heavenly holiest place "BY His own blood" (not after shedding His blood, nor with the blood in His body, but), carrying it separately from his body (compare the type, Hebrews 9:7 Hebrews 9:12 Hebrews 9:25 , 13:11 ). the sin which doth so easily beset us--Greek, "sin which easily stands around us"; so LUTHER, "which always so clings to us": "sinful propensity always surrounding us, ever present and ready" [WAHL]. The word "better" implies superiority to something that is good: but Abel's own blood was not at all good for the purpose for which Christ's blood was efficacious; nay, it cried for vengeance. then are ye bastards--of whom their fathers take no care whether they are educated or not; whereas every right-minded father is concerned for the moral well-being of his legitimate son. Commentary for Hebrews 12 . 26. then shook--when He gave the law on Sinai. without which--Greek, "apart from which." root of bitterness--not merely a "bitter root," which might possibly bring forth sweet fruits; this, a root whose essence is "bitterness," never could. As the olive garland, the emblem of peace as well as victory, was put on the victor's brow in the games. These sufferings are to be considered as fatherly chastisements from God, and to be patiently submitted to on account of the benefits to be … What are our little trials to his agonies, or even to our deserts? are compassed about--Greek, "have so great a cloud (a numberless multitude above us, like a cloud, 'holy and pellucid,' [CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA]) of witnesses surrounding us." The gospel state is kind and condescending, suited to our weak frame. .12 Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; 13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed..14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord: 15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled; (Read all of Hebrews 12) Verse 1  Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, So in the Lord's Supper ( 1 Corinthians 10:16 , 11:24-26 ), the body and blood are separately represented. This covenant is made firm by the blood of Christ sprinkled upon our consciences, as the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled upon the altar and the victim. The inheritance of believers is secured to them; and all things pertaining to salvation are freely given in answer to prayer. So in the cases of Reuben and Saul, for evil ( Genesis 49:4 1 Chronicles 5:1 1 Samuel 13:12-14 ); and, on the other hand, for good, Abraham and Phinehas ( Genesis 12:1 , &c. Genesis 15:5 Genesis 15:6 Numbers 25:6-15 ). The Word of God is always an issue in our lives. I believe the same is true in our text in Hebrews 12:1. His suffering is the grounds for our striving with endurance. So this "partaking of God's holiness" stands in contrast to the "few days" of this life, with a view to which earthly fathers generally educate their sons. Hebrews 11:13-19 The Promises of Faith. Looking unto--literally, "Looking from afar" throne of God. © 2021 Christianity.com. However, he explained, Christians are set to experience hostility as they strive against such sin. Proud member
Father of spirits--contrasted with "the fathers of our flesh." This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Hebrews 4:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 4:12, NIV: "For the word of God is alive and active. The epistle is more than a doctrinal treatise, however. For the full completion of this we pray ( Matthew 6:10 ). 7. what son is he--"What son is there" even in ordinary life? "Before, he might have had the blessing without tears; afterwards, no matter how many tears he shed, he was rejected. Hebrews 12:2 says that Jesus is the “pioneer” of our faith. Falling away from Christ is the fruit of preferring the delights of the flesh, to the blessing of God, and the heavenly inheritance, as Esau did. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Root of bitterness comprehends every person (compare Hebrews 12:16 ) and every principle of doctrine or practice so radically corrupt as to spread corruption all around. He despised his birthright, accordingly also he was despised and rejected when he wished to have the blessing. The Hebrews whom Paul addressed, had, as Christians, the spiritual rights of primogeniture (compare Hebrews 12:23 ): he intimates that they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them. When we come to a perfect state, we shall be fully reconciled to all God's chastisement of us now. 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. Be this as it may, to deny that Christ's atonement is truly a propitiation, overthrows Christ's priesthood, makes the sacrifices of Moses' law an unmeaning mummery, and represents Cain's sacrifice as good as that of Abel. 24. new--not the usual term (kaine) applied to the Christian covenant ( Hebrews 9:15 ), which would mean new as different from, and superseding the old; but Greek, "nea," "recent," "lately established," having the "freshness of youth," as opposed to age. exercised thereby--as athletes exercised in training for a contest. The New Testament alone uses the Greek term for education (paideia), to express "discipline" or correction, as of a child by a wise father. Reverent caution (same Greek as in Hebrews 5:7 ; eyes than to behold iniquity. Our whole life here is a state of childhood, and imperfect as to spiritual things; therefore we must submit to the discipline of such a state. The Lord being pure and holy, none but the pure and holy shall see Him ( Matthew 5:8 ). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. And let us run. The two defects of human education are: (1) the prevalence in it of a view to the interests of our short earthly term of days; (2) the absence in parents of the unerring wisdom of our heavenly Father. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Hebrews - Swindoll. Hebrews 12 Resources. Not that any save Moses was allowed to touch it ( Exodus 19:12 Exodus 19:13 ). (1-11) Peace and holiness are recommended, with cautions against despising spiritual blessings. Compare Notes, to which he refers here, and which I think confirms my view; those heretofore spirits, but now to be perfected by being clothed upon with the body. Not sin, but sinners, contradicted Christ [BENGEL]. Let your walk be so firm and so unanimous in the right direction that a plain track and "highway" may be thereby established for those who accompany and follow you, to perceive and walk in ( Isaiah 35:8 ) [ALFORD]. Hebrews 12:12 Therefore, strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble (NASB: Lockman) Greek: Dio tas pareimenas cheiras kai ta paralelumena gonata anorthosate, Amplified: So then, brace up and reinvigorate and set right your slackened and weakened … Believers being like the angels ( Job 1:6 , 38:7 ), "sons of God," are so their "equals" ( Luke 20:36 ); and being reconciled through Christ, are adopted into God's great and blessed family. 11. joyous . Hebrews 12:3-4 Commentary. Thus Rome's theory of concomitancy of the blood with the body, the excuse for giving only the bread to the laity, falls to the ground. Hebrews 12:14, ESV: "Strive for peace with everyone, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord." who refused him--Greek, "refusing as they did." His exhortation ought to have more effect on you than the cheers and exhortations of the spectators have on the competitors striving in the games. made--namely, of this present visible creation: compare 2 Corinthians 5:1 , Hebrews 9:11 , "made with hands . . It is always for our profit. Hebrews 12:1-2 reads: “Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame” (NKJV). The first-born of Israel were "written" in a roll ( Numbers 3:40 ). If--The oldest manuscripts read, "With a view to chastening (that is, since God's chastisement is with a view to your chastening, that is, disciplinary amelioration) endure patiently"; so Vulgate. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: analogisasthe gar ton toiauten upomemenekota upo ton amartolon eis eauton antilogian, ina me kamete tais yuchais umon ekluomenoi. Last week we finished our study of the heroes of faith in Chapter 11. Fear lest we should bring destruction on ourselves. Hebrews 12:1.By a bold but rhetorical figure, the apostle, in the beginning of this chapter, represents the patriarchs, judges, kings, prophets, and righteous men, whose faith he had celebrated in the preceding chapter, after having finished their own labours, combats, and sufferings with honour, as standing round and looking on the believing Hebrews while running the Christian race. 16. fornicator--( Hebrews 13:4 , 1 Corinthians 10:8 ). I agree with him that the translation, instead of "repentance," "no place for changing HIS FATHER'S mind," is forced; though doubtless this is what was the true aim of the "repentance" which he sought. Knowing that his audience incl… of this creation," that is, things so made at creation that they would not remain of themselves, but be removed. . "Despised," that is, disregarded. τὸν κύριον] By this expression some understand God (comp. Compare "Nevertheless afterward," &c. Hebrews 12:11 , with the "afterward" here. Where persons fail of having the true grace of God, corruption will prevail and break forth; beware lest any unmortified lust in the heart, which seems to be dead, should spring up, to trouble and disturb the whole body. But still, "the mount" must be supplied from Hebrews 12:22 . Fixing our eyes on Jesus – Hebrews 12:1-3. are--Greek, "have been made." Hebrews 12:24 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 12:24, NIV: "to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel." quake--Greek, "I am in trembling"; "fear" affected his mind: "trembling," his body. There is a proneness in believers to grow weary, and to faint under trials and afflictions; this is from the imperfection of grace and the remains of corruption. Two things are important to remember for framing this particular episode in Luke 13:10-17. Gratified wishes, our Father knows, would often be our real curses. Hebrews 12:1 THERE is a regular series of thoughts in this clause, and in the one or two which follow it, ‘Let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us; and let us run with patience the race that is set before us - looking unto Jesus.’ Hebrews 12:12 This passage seems to be a reflection of Isaiah 35:3 which says: “Strengthen the feeble hands, steady the knees that give way….” Thus, we are to lift drooping hands and strengthen weak knees. Their rule of chastening is what may seem fit to their own often erring judgment, temper, or caprice. trouble you." The Epistle to the Hebrews. ALFORD explains "repentance" here, a chance, by repenting, to repair (that is, to regain the lost blessing). It only seems so to those being chastened, whose judgments are confused by the present pain. . author--"Prince-leader." God's correction is not condemnation; the chastening may be borne with patience, and greatly promote holiness. Angels and saints together constitute the ten thousands. He is love ( 1 John 4:8 1 John 4:16 ); yet there is another side of His character; God has wrath against sin ( Hebrews 10:27 Hebrews 10:31 ). Read the chapter in one sitting. Compare the Jewish economy (the type of the whole present order of things) giving way to the new and abiding covenant: the forerunner of the everlasting state of bliss. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 12:12-17 A burden of affliction is apt to make the Christian's hands hang down, and his knees grow feeble, to dispirit him and discourage him; but against this he must strive, that he may better run his spiritual race and course. Is spiritual '' [ ALFORD after CHRYSOSTOM ] when we come to a perfect state, we shall fully!, making way for the gratification of his palate God is tantamount to being educated for passing eternity God... Afflicts his children connection of purity with seeing the king ( compare Acts 20:35, Peter... 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