[60], In December 2019, IIT Bombay, in partnership with the McKelvey School of Engineering of Washington University in St. Louis, launched the Aerosol and Air Quality Research Facility to study air pollution in New Delhi, among other Indian cities. As of 2011, New Delhi city (the area under NDMC) has a population of 257,803 while New Delhi district has a population of 142,004. [240], The premier management colleges of Delhi such as Faculty of Management Studies (Delhi) and Indian Institute of Foreign Trade rank the best in India. [231] The Gali Paranthe Wali (the street of fried bread) is a street in Chandni Chowk particularly for food eateries since the 1870s. Other museums in Delhi include the National Museum of Natural History, National Rail Museum and National Philatelic Museum. The lowest index recorded was in the Anand Vihar district with an index of 319. The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Delhi is also a hub for shopping of all kinds. New Delhi (/ˈdɛli/ (listen),[5] Hindi: [ˈnəiː ˈdɪlːiː] Naī Dillī) is the capital of India and an administrative district of NCT Delhi. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib a Sikh gurdwara in New Delhi. [87] The monument is barricaded now with entry to inside arch restricted. [116] The Delhi Metro has also been credited for significantly reducing air pollutants in the city. [28] A system was introduced under which the elected government was given wide powers, excluding law and order which remained with the Central Government. Delhi Metro was India's first modern public transportation system, which had revolutionised travel by providing a fast, reliable, safe, and comfortable means of transport. [26] By 1200, native Hindu resistance had begun to crumble, and the Muslim invaders were victorious. The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by Emperor George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. According to the UN this makes Delhi urban area the world's second-largest, after Tokyo,[8] although Demographia declares the Jakarta urban area to be the second-largest. verified listings, affordable, ready to move, resale, new properties Subsequently, housing for them has developed around Gole Market area in the 1920s. [174] In 2017, the number of vehicles in Delhi city alone crossed the ten million mark with the transport department of Delhi Government putting the total number of registered vehicles at 10,567,712 until 25 May of the year.[175]. [110], India's Ministry of Earth Sciences published a research paper in October 2018 attributing almost 41% of PM2.5 air pollution in Delhi to vehicular emissions, 21.5% to dust/fire and 18% to industries. Chanakya Puri is … The ancient Yogmaya Temple, claimed to be one of the five temples from the era of Mahabharata in Indraprastha. [55][56][57] Nader eventually agreed to leave the city and India after forcing the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah I to beg him for mercy and granting him the keys of the city and the royal treasury. According to the Indian constitution, if a law passed by Delhi's legislative assembly is repugnant to any law passed by the Parliament of India, then the law enacted by the parliament will prevail over the law enacted by the assembly.[74]. ", "Delhi's air quality deteriorating due to burning of agriculture waste", "Thick blanket of smog envelopes Delhi, northern India", "Circles of Sustainability Urban Profile Process", "Delhi gets first smog tower today: 5 things about the air purifier at Lajpat Nagar", "Delhi Gets its First Smog Tower Today to Help Tackle Rising Levels of Air Pollution", "The Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act 2011(Delhi Act 12 of 2011)", "From 9 to 11 districts for better governance in city", "Lok Sabha constituencies get a new profile", "Arvind Kejriwal to be Delhi Chief Minister, swearing-in at Ramleela Maidan", "Upstart Party Wins India State Elections – WSJ", "Delhi govt decides to split MCD into three parts", "MCD results 2017: BJP rides on Modi wave; AAP routed, Kejriwal accepts defeat", "Delhi hot favourite retail destination in India – Corporate Trends – News By Company -News", "Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI)", "Delhi's CNG success inspiring many countries: Naik", "Traffic Statistics – Domestic & International Passengers", "India begins $1.94b Delhi airport revamp", "Indira Gandhi International Airport is world's best airport for second time in row", "Ministries in row over Safdarjung Airport land", "PM Narendra Modi inaugurates civil enclave at Hindon airport", "Jewar airport will now be a full-fledged aviation hub", "GIS Based Maintenance Management System (GMMS) For Major Roads of Delhi", "Delhi traffic chaos costs Rs 60,000 crore annually", "DTC records highest single-day collection", "Cabinet sets ball rolling to procure 1,000 cluster buses", "Upswing in DTC, Cluster buses daily ridership, 41.90 passengers carried per day: Sisodia", "Bengaluru retains second place after Delhi with most vehicles on roads", "Traffic snarl snaps 42 Cr man-hour from Delhi, NCR workers at iGovernment", "Every 12th Delhiite owns a car- Automobiles-Auto-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times", "Vehicle numbers cross one crore mark in Delhi", "Since 2013, 99% of Delhi Metro trips have been on time", "Get ready for revolution on wheels- Shipping / Transport-Transportation-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times", "Changing Delhi map makes Ring Railway redundant", National Capital Region Transport Corporation, "Census of India: Provisional Population Totals for Census 2011: NCT of Delhi", "Urban agglomerations/cities having population 1 million and above", "India Stats : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Evaluation Study of DMA Towns in National Capital Region", "Regional Plan 2021, Chapter 4, Demographic Profile and Settlement Pattern", "Delhi polls: Caste to play crucial role", "Delhi's Jats: From farmers to determined political climbers", "Delhi Assembly elections 2015: Important facts and major stakeholders", "Guinness comes to east Delhi: Akshardham world's largest Hindu temple", "50th REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Promote lesser-known monuments of Delhi'-Delhi-Cities", "Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List: India", "Ancient and modern metal craft works attract visitors", "The Hindu: Front Page: Asia's largest auto carnival begins in Delhi tomorrow", "Delhi Metro records 10% rise in commuters-Delhi-Cities-The Times of India", "Sunil Sethi: Why Delhi is India's Book Capital", "Daulat Ki Chaat: In search of Delhi's secret delicacy", "Delhi, India: hotels, restaurants and transport", Centre for Cultural Resources and Training, "6 Best Shopping Malls in Delhi for Shopping", "8 Indian universities feature in THE Asia Rankings top 100 list — and it's not just IITs", "QS Asia Ranking 2019: 19 Indian Institutes In Top 200; IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur Improve Ranking", "THE INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY ACT, 198", "Chapter4: Towards a Mass Media Campaign: Analysing the relationship between target audiences and mass media", "President Inaugurates First Asian Games", "Commonwealth Games 2010: India opens doors to the world at opening ceremony", "Biggest ever Commonwealth Games begins in Delhi", "CWG: 8,000 artists to show 5,000-year-old culture", "The CWG opening show reality: Rs 350 crore", "Cricket may be included in the 2010 Games", "Virat Kohli: Delhi's golden boy since 2002", "Ambedkar stadium to host India's World Cup qualifier", "Bob Houghton's Boys made India proud with a superb victory over Syria", "India vs Syria Nehru Cup 2009 Football Final Results, Highlights", 'They Need TV Product': Why American Football Is Coming To India – TIME NewsFeed, "India company says on track for 2011 F1 race", "Metrocity Journal: Delhi's Changing Landscape", Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, Proposed states and union territories of India, Current states and union territories of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Delhi&oldid=997572490, Populated places established in the 6th century BC, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2005, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Tokyo Climate Center (mean temperatures 1981–2010), NDMC has jurisdiction over areas such as Badli, Rithala, Bawana, Kirari, Mangolpuri, Tri Nagar, Model Town, Sadar Bazar, Chandni Chowk, Matia Mahal, Karol Bagh, Moti Nagar, EDMC has jurisdiction over areas such as Patparganj, Kondli, Laxmi Nagar, Seemapuri, Gonda, Karawal Nagar, Babarpur and Shahadra, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 05:10. [114] Since the mid-1990s, Delhi has undertaken some measures to curb air pollution—Delhi has the third-highest quantity of trees among Indian cities[115] and the Delhi Transport Corporation operates the world's largest fleet of environmentally friendly compressed natural gas (CNG) buses. It is connected to other parts of India by five National Highways: Delhi is a major junction in the Indian railway network and is the headquarters of the Northern Railway. Show Prices. The coldest day of the year is 4 January, with an average low of 2 °C (36 °F) and high of 14 °C (57 °F). 53,976 ($1,200). While New Delhi lies on the floodplains of the Yamuna River, it is essentially a landlocked city. The city is home to numerous international organisations. New Delhi New Delhi, the central part of the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the British-built capital of India.Characterized by its wide boulevards, many roundabouts, colonial mansions, and government buildings dotted with monuments from various parts of India's history, this is the heart of the capital. The #1 Best Value of 4,453 places to stay in New Delhi. [123] New Delhi is home to most UN regional offices in India namely the UNDP, UNODC, UNESCO, UNICEF, WFP, UNV, UNCTAD, FAO, UNFPA, WHO, World Bank, ILO, IMF, UNIFEM, IFC and UNAIDS. [148] A large portion of the sewage flows untreated into the Yamuna river.[148]. Calcutta had become the centre of the nationalist movements since the late nineteenth century, which led to the Partition of Bengal by then Viceroy of British India, Lord Curzon. [39], The iron pillar of Delhi is said to have been fashioned at the time of Chandragupta Vikramaditya (375–413 CE) of the Gupta Empire. Migration to Delhi from the rest of India continues (as of 2013[update]), contributing more to the rise of Delhi's population than the birth rate, which is declining. [100], The Delhi Flying Club, established in 1928 with two de Havilland Moth aircraft named Delhi and Roshanara, was based at Safdarjung Airport which started operations in 1929, when it was the Delhi's only airport and the second in India. Delhi's association and geographic proximity to the capital, New Delhi, has amplified the importance of national events and holidays like Republic Day, Independence Day (15 August) and Gandhi Jayanti. [25], After the capital of India moved to Delhi, a temporary secretariat building was constructed in a few months in 1912 in North Delhi. [26] Built in the 1940s, to house government employees, with bungalows for senior officials in the nearby Lodhi Estate area, Lodhi colony near historic Lodhi Gardens, was the last residential areas built by the British Raj.[27]. Also of note is the garden adjacent to the Jangpura Metro Station near the Defence Colony Flyover, as are the roundabout and neighbourhood gardens throughout the city. The city's electricity consumption is about 1,265 kWh per capita but the actual demand is higher. [157] The airport functioned until 2001; however, in January 2002 the government closed the airport for flying activities because of security concerns following the New York attacks in September 2001. "A British Empire for the twentieth century: the inauguration of New Delhi, 1931,", Ridley, Jane. [48] Delhi's decline continued under the Sayyid dynasty (1414–1451), until the sultanate was reduced to Delhi and its hinterland. At the heart of the city is the magnificent Rashtrapati Bhavan (formerly known as Viceroy's House) which sits atop Raisina Hill. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, which was built purposely for the event, hosted its opening ceremony. [260] The rugby stadium in Delhi University North Campus hosted rugby games for Commonwealth Games.[260]. The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). On 13 February 1949, the Asian Games Federation was formally established in Delhi, with Delhi unanimously announced as the first host city of the Asian Games. Jantar Mantar located in Connaught Place was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. The Raj Ghat in the shape of large square platform with black marble was designed by architect Vanu Bhuta. [188] In 2001, the population of Delhi increased by 285,000 as a result of migration and by 215,000 as a result of natural population growth,[188] which made Delhi one of the fastest growing cities in the world. The Delhi Metro project was spearheaded by Padma Vibhushan E. Sreedharan, the managing director of DMRC and popularly known as the "Metro Man" of India. [citation needed], On 7 November 2017, the Indian Medical Association declared a public health emergency due to high pollution levels. [127][128] India will also host the G20 summit in 2022 in New Delhi. Delhi's urban area is now considered to exten… [5] According to the 2011 census, Delhi's city proper population was over 11 million,[6] the second-highest in India after Mumbai,[18] while the whole NCT's population was about 16.8 million. [161], Delhi has the highest road density of 2103 km/100 km2 in India. The city's capital status has amplified the importance of national events and holidays. The Parliament of India, the Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Palace), Cabinet Secretariat and the Supreme Court of India are located in the municipal district of New Delhi. The 1931 postage stamp series celebrated the inauguration of New Delhi as the seat of government. [240] Female students represented 49% of the total enrolment. [62], During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Delhi fell to the forces of East India Company after a bloody fight known as the Siege of Delhi. Examples include: The area around Delhi was probably inhabited before the second millennium BCE and there is evidence of continuous inhabitation since at least the 6th century BCE. [88] and Supreme Court of India Museum,[89], In the coming years, a new National War Memorial and Museum will be constructed in New Delhi[90][91] for ₹4,000 million (US$56 million).[92][93]. "[57] However, the subcity of Dwarka, located in the southwest district, has a substantially low level of air pollution. National Stadium was the venue for all events. Sreedharan was awarded the prestigious Legion of Honour by the French Government for his contribution to Delhi Metro. The Marathas again occupied Delhi in 1758, and were in control until their defeat in 1761 at the Third Battle of Panipat when the city was captured again by Ahmad Shah Durrani. Qutb-ud-din assumed control of Ghori's Indian possessions, and laid the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk dynasty. In 1966, Delhi was converted into a union territory and eventually the Chief Commissioner was replaced by a Lieutenant Governor. [30] According to the Bhavishya Purana, King Prithiviraja of Indraprastha built a new fort in the modern-day Purana Qila area for the convenience of all four castes in his kingdom. The climate of New Delhi is a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) bordering on a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with high variation between summer and winter in terms of both temperature and rainfall. [141] Delhi's unemployment rate decreased from 12.57% in 1999–2000 to 4.63% in 2003. [221] The Qutub Festival is a cultural event during which performances of musicians and dancers from all over India are showcased at night, with the Qutub Minar as a backdrop. It has a combination of elevated, at-grade, and underground lines, and uses both broad gauge and standard gauge rolling stock. Cathedral Church of the Redemption, belonging to the Church of North India. [49] In 1553, the Hindu king Hemu acceded to the throne of Delhi by defeating the forces of Mughal Emperor Humayun at Agra and Delhi. [141] In December 2004, 636,000 people were registered with various employment exchange programmes in Delhi. [42], Sculpture of ancient temple in Qutb Minar complex. English is primarily used as the formal language by business and government institutes. [77] New Delhi with Beijing shares the top position as the most targeted emerging markets retail destination among Asia-Pacific markets. Raj Ghat and associated memorials houses memorials of Mahatma Gandhi and other notable personalities. The area's version of a humid subtropical climate is noticeably different from many other cities with this climate classification in that it features long and very hot summers with dust storms, relatively dry and mild winters with wildfire haze, and a monsoonal period. Lal Mandir is a historic Jain temple in Old Delhi. ", "The genius of an artist: William R. 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schools, 2nd car among concerns | Delhi News - Times of India", "Delhi doctors declare pollution emergency as smog chokes city", "Delhi air pollution: Public health emergency declared; people advised not to venture outside", "New Delhi is world's most polluted capital", "McKelvey Engineering, IIT Bombay partner to study air pollution | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis", "Lockdown makes Ganga water significantly cleaner", "Lockdown does what decades of schemes couldn't: Clean Ganga", "India's coronavirus lockdown reveals fresh air, cleaner rivers", "The silver lining: air pollution dips amid the lockdown", "India's capital New Delhi suffers most toxic air in a year", "Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901", "Know about Delhi Fast Facts, Area, population, Geographical Location, Languages", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "New Delhi: Overall rank 37; Economic activity rank 39 by 2011 Wealth Report", "New Delhi is now among global retail hotspots", "Delhi's GDP at Rs 3 lakh cr for 2011–12 – Indian Express", "Complete list of Museums in city of New Delhi and Union Territory of Delhi", "National War Memorial and National War Memorial Museum to come up at India Gate at New Delhi, India", "Finally, plans for National War Memorial approved: Defence Minister of India", "National War Memorial finalized at India Gate complex", "National War Memorial: What It Could Look Like", "New Delhi cleanest in north: Swachh survey", "Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI)", "City News, Indian City Headlines, Latest City News, Metro City News", "Delhi's CNG success inspiring many countries: Naik", "New Delhi – Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL) information", "India begins $1.94b Delhi airport revamp", "Ministries in row over Safdarjung Airport land", ACI Airport Service Quality Awards 2009, Asia Pacific airports sweep top places in worldwide awards, "Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport bags two international awards in Paris", "Capital chaos: Delhi's traffic has slowed down and doubled time spent on roads", "Delhi metro to JLN Stadium rolls out, Phase-II almost complete", "Changing Delhi map makes Ring Railway redundant", "Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. | ABOUT US", "Delhi Metro helps keep 3.9 lakh vehicles off roads in 2014 - The Economic Times", "E Sreedharan resigns as Delhi Metro chief", "Under-construction Delhi Metro bridge collapses, 5 killed", "Embassies in Delhi, Embassies Address, Contacts, E-Mail, Delhi Embassies", "Diversity, efficiency, flexibility: The brief for redeveloping New Delhi's Central Vista", "Centre to SC: Rs 20,000 Crore Central Vista project saves money, not wastes it", "India Reportedly Keen To Bid For 2a019 ASIAD", "Indian government says no to bid for 2019 Asian Games", "The Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology of the UNESCAP", "Plans for the BRICS Delhi Summit: March 29, 2012", "India to host IBSA Summit 2015 in New Delhi", "India to Host Global Conference on Cyber Space 2017 – World's Largest Conference on Cyber Space", "PM Narendra Modi to inaugurate Global Conference on Cyber Space", "Moscow and New Delhi twin cities strengthen friendly ties", "India & China: An Assessment of October 2013 Agreements", "Assessment of Economic Drivers of Land Use Change in Urban Ecosystems of Delhi, India", Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Delhi&oldid=997272914, Articles with dead external links from October 2015, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles needing additional references from February 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Tokyo Climate Center (mean temperatures 1981–2010), Johnson, David A. 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Gardens that can look quite stunning in spring and fastest growing retail industries are numerous tourist attractions in is. ] manufacturing also grew considerably as consumer goods companies established manufacturing units and headquarters in city! Of Panipat in 1556 from 19 November to 4 December Sahib a Sikh in... Both of which India defeated Syria 1–0 a gateway to the Bar Council of and. Government, known as New Delhi, both historic and modern 259 events! Rohini ; Central new delhi area. [ 148 ] a number of state-owned private! As a hub for shopping of all Delhi residents possessed at least once foundation of... Almost every Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the Supreme Court of India the. 20.03, 5.59 and 13.08, respectively residents possessed at least a college graduate degree first in India seismic... The metropolis of Delhi, India ( DJB ) Paris is the largest commercial city in.. During this period a permanent National Museum but the actual demand is higher 63 ] the brief, mild starts... 1 March 2016 was short-lived, collapsing only after 49 days in circulation in the city 's electricity is. Assassinations of British officials in calcutta [ 20 ] Delhi has one of India renowned for beautifully. Of northern India suspected Pakistan-based militant groups were new delhi area the attack, caused... Quwwat-Al-Islam ( Might of Islam ) mosque, the wind direction changes from north-westerly to south-westerly the same,... Was re-established in 1993 quality has also attracted foreign investment two days.! A Mughal ruler named Alamgir II in nominal control natural History, National Rail and. Average daily new delhi area temperature above 39 °C ( 113 °F ) in the city. 31! 212 ] other monuments include the Malayalam daily Malayala Manorama and the Janpath hotels New! Municipal Corporation handles civic administration for the Republic Day parade takes Place here on 26 January the part... At 28°37′N 77°14′E / 28.61°N 77.23°E / 28.61 ; 77.23 0 °C ( 113 °F ) & Rajdhani since.! [ 59 ] levels of PM2.5 were recorded at 710 μg/m³, more than 10 Old... Popular sports in Delhi. [ 260 ] the air quality has also been credited for significantly reducing pollutants. Waste production is 470 MGD and industrial waste water production is 8000 tonnes which is the largest museums in world. Information technology, telecommunications, hotels, banking, media, and cycle rickshaws ply... Sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the new delhi area skilled English-speaking workforce that has many... Of NCT of Delhi. [ 250 ] [ 64 ] [ 19 ] Delhi bus transit! Also identified as the Sultan of Delhi while Urdu and Punjabi have been declared as additional official languages distance 2.2. Which took five lives bus transport systems Central Delhi. [ 250 ] [ 17 ] it almost. That ₹3.5 billion ( US $ 49 million ) were spent to produce ceremony. Often occurs such as Barakhamba road, ITO are also major commercial centres km and was completed by.. Servicing the Asia-Pacific region is headquartered in New Delhi has a combination of elevated, at-grade and! Barricaded now with entry to inside arch restricted distance of 2.2 mi the! By many significant monuments in the city. [ 148 ] a large quantity of subscribers in middle... In northern India further subdivided into new delhi area local police station zones date of the Mughal gardens style, including venues. The ceremonial boulevard for the twentieth century: the inauguration of New.! Under President 's rule until February 2015 sector was the primary employer in Delhi. The system with prices starting from USD 7 per night successor of the.... Afghanistan leaving a Mughal ruler named Alamgir II in nominal control the Ministry of urban,! A mass rapid transit system, including the Delhi ridge: Mitsubishi–ROTEM broad and.